I presented yesterday to the Toronto Association for Business and Economics.
“Public infrastructure is expensive, long-lived and can significantly affect productivity, the environment, as well as quality of life. Cities are taking the lead in advocating for resilient infrastructure but being cash strapped they need to make a business case for the increased costs associated with climate change adaptation. The benefits and costs of infrastructure are numerous and the beneficiaries are likewise many. Too often, the benefits of large infrastructure investments are difficult to quantify and so are not considered or are not communicated effectively.”
Here’s a link to the presentation.
I also wrote a paper on infrastructure and the macro-economy as research to support for the presentation. That paper is here.